Stern, Avraham

(1907-42)
   Stern was born in Suvalki, Poland, to Mordecai and Leah Stern. At 18, he left Poland and went to Jerusalem to study at the Gymnasia High School. Subsequently, he enrolled at Hebrew University of Jerusalem. During the 1929 Arab riots, Stern took part in the defense of Jerusalem as a member of the Hagana Revisionist movement under the command of Vladimir Ze'ev Jabotinsky. He then went on to help establish the Irgun Tz-vai Leumi (National Military Organization), and at this point, he took for himself the underground name "Yair" after Elazar Ben Yair, the zealot commander at Masada. He became the Irgun's theoretician and ideologue. As World War II began to engulf the globe, Jabotinsky instructed the Irgun to suspend all military actions against Great Britain. Stern believed that the British were the enemy of Israel no less than the Germans and that the British occupier would have to be driven out of Palestine.
   In 1940, Stern broke away from the Irgun and founded what would later become known as Lohamei Herut Yisrael (LEHIFighters for the Freedom of Israel). LEHI declared an all-out war against the British Empire in hopes of ejecting it from the land of Israel and establishing a Jewish state. Because of their small numbers and limited resources, Stern's followers engaged in personal acts of terror against key British colonial leaders and policemen. The British administration referred to them as the "Stern (Gang) Group" and promised a high reward to anyone assisting in their capture. In 1942, Stern was arrested by the British in a Tel Aviv apartment and was killed on 12 February 1942.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • STERN, AVRAHAM — (underground name, Ya ir; 1907–1942), leading underground fighter in Palestine, founder of the organization later called Loḥamei Ḥerut Israel (Leḥi). Born in Suvalki (then Russian Poland), Stern studied at the Hebrew high school there. In 1925 he …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Stern, Avraham — (1907–42)    Leader of the ‘Stern Gang’. Stern emigrated to Palestine from Poland in 1925 and was active in the Jewish underground organization Irgun Tzvai Leumi (Etzel) from its inception in 1931. In 1940 he disagreed with Etzel’s policy of co… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Stern, Avraham — (1907 42)    Palestinian pioneer. He emigrated from Poland to Palestine in 1925 and became active in Irgun Tzvai Leumi. In 1940 he disagreed with the policy of co operating with the British and established the Stern Gang (Lohame Herat Yisrael)… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Avraham Stern — (hebräisch: אברהם שטרן Avraham Shtern), alias Yair (* 23. Dezember 1907 in Suwałki; † 12. Februar 1942 in Tel Aviv) war der Gründer und Leiter einer zionistischen Organisation, welche ab 1940 unter dem Namen Lechi bekannt und von der britischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stern-Gruppe — Logo der Organisation Lechi (hebräisches Akronym für לוחמי חירות ישראל Lochamei Cherut Jisrael, „Kämpfer für die Freiheit Israels“) waren eine paramilitärische Untergrundorganisation in Palästina. Sie bestanden während des britischen Mandats,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stern Gang — Logo der Organisation Lechi (hebräisches Akronym für לוחמי חירות ישראל Lochamei Cherut Jisrael, „Kämpfer für die Freiheit Israels“) waren eine paramilitärische Untergrundorganisation in Palästina. Sie bestanden während des britischen Mandats,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stern Gruppe — Logo der Organisation Lechi (hebräisches Akronym für לוחמי חירות ישראל Lochamei Cherut Jisrael, „Kämpfer für die Freiheit Israels“) waren eine paramilitärische Untergrundorganisation in Palästina. Sie bestanden während des britischen Mandats,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Avraham Stern — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Stern. Photo non datée d Avraham Stern Avraham Stern (Hébreu: אברהם שטרן Avraham Shtern), alias Yair (Hebreu: יאיר)D (23 décembre 1907 12 février 1942) est un écrivain et poète …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stern — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir sterne. Stern désigne : Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Avraham Stern — (Hebrew: אברהם שטרן Avraham Shtern ), alias Yair ( he. יאיר) (December 23, 1907 – February 12, 1942) was the founder and leader of the Zionist organization later known as Lehi (also called the Stern Gang by the British colonial authorities).Stern …   Wikipedia

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